Foot – Common conditions, potential causes, and treatment

In the U.S., nearly 75% of people are affected by at some point in their lives. Ill-fitting or inappropriate footwear are held to be one of the main reasons for foot pain. High heels or pointed can force your feet to develop unnatural shapes over a period of time. To understand in greater detail, we need to understand the most common conditions that cause pain and discomfort in our lower extremities.

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is caused by small tears accompanied by inflammation along the ligaments and tendons, stretching from the heel to the ball of the foot. This area looks like a bow string and form the arch of the foot, and serves as a shock absorber in our body. Pain in the heel, in particular during the early steps you start the day, is often associated with this type of foot pain. The kind of shoes worn often plays an important role in relieving foot pain. Orthopedic insoles with good arch support were found to be helpful in relieving this condition in many people.

Boule of foot pain

Pain in the ball of the foot is also known as “Metatarsalgia” in medical terms, and represents an inflammation in the nerves attached to some of the bones of the foot. When the nerves toe moves and constantly rub or pressed against the bone, resulting in pain in the ball of your foot. Appropriate arch support provided by the right kind of insoles can provide significant relief.

Achilles tendonitis

The tendon joining the calf muscle and the bone is called the Achilles tendon, and is the largest tendon in our body. This tendon also supports most of the weight of our whole body. Intense or excessive sports activities involving the feet, and in some cases, arthritis can cause this type of foot pain. Adequate rest and exercises to strengthen the calf muscles are often helpful in the healing process.

Calluses and corns

Calluses and corns are caused by hardening of the skin caused by frequent or constant pressure on certain areas of our feet. The aesthetic discomfort is often larger than the physical problems associated with calluses and corns. In some acute cases, they may begin to crack, or it can lead to inflammation. The main cause of this type of condition on foot is the wrong choice of shoes. High-heeled shoes tend to exert more pressure on the toes, while loose shoes create friction that your feet to easily slide in. In most cases, it is a manageable condition type that does not have foot pain excessive, although calluses and corns can be uncomfortable in some cases.


Onions belong largely to the family of calluses and corns, but they are more painful and cause more discomfort. At first they are inflammation of the joint leading to the formation of skin swelling, hard and red and painful. If left untreated it can progress to permanent deformation. While the shoe is the leading cause inappropriate, onions can also be a hereditary problem. Appropriate footwear and professional advice is often sufficient to solve the problem.

Shin pain or shin splints

Runners often encounter pain in the tibia, which involves inflammation in the front of the tibia. In most cases, shin splints are the result of intense physical activity like running or jumping, and is a condition that can often take some time to heal newspaper. When there is a surge in high-impact exercises, it can cause shin pain. Another cause of shin pain is tight leg muscles. Muscle imbalances caused by the posture inadequate functioning may also lead to pain tibia.

Morton neuroma

Morton’s Neuroma presents symptoms of pain and numbness in the toes, and it occurs when the nerve between the third and fourth metatarsal bones are continuously or repeatedly compressed. Occupational hazards and your foot structure can be contributing causes. Once again, the shoe is often the cause. This is a very painful condition, and walking with the pain may worsen the situation. Removing shoes and rubbing the affected area may provide temporary relief, but it’s not a permanent solution. In most cases, orthotics can provide relief. However, in more severe cases, the professional care of a podiatrist is recommended to address this problem.

Knee pain

A knee pain comes as many types of conditions that the foot pain that we have addressed until now. The causes of knee pain are also very different. Arthritis is one of these causes, but there are several others, such as bursitis, gout, or ligament injuries. In some cases, knee pain can be the result of misaligned feet. When this happens, inadequate arch support provided by the shoes can be a contributor. High-heeled shoes can also cause knee pain because this type of footwear does not provide an adequate balance of your body weight, thus contributing to poor posture.

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