About viral and bacterial infections Throat
It is known that if you have a sore throat that does not cause many problems, is not serious, and you also have symptoms caused by the flu, then you can follow some remedies to feel better.
You can drink plenty of fluids, humidify your room using a steamer, take throat lozenges without a prescription, gargle with warm salt water several times a day, and you can also take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain.
In some cases, a sore throat may be severe and may last more than 5-7 days. In this situation, it is necessary that you seek medical help. It may appear symptoms that you should determine to go to the doctor. We can mention here the difficulty opening the mouth, swallowing, breathing, severe and prolonged sore throat, blood in saliva or phlegm, fever, earache, rash, lump in the neck and hoarseness that lasts more than two weeks.
It is important to know whether the patient has a viral or bacterial infection. Antibiotics are drugs that kill bacteria, and they are prescribed when the patient has a bacterial infection with streptococcal or another. Usually your doctor will prescribe penicillin or erythromycin, but there are a number of bacterial throat infections that do not respond to penicillin. In this case, it is prescribed another antibiotic.
Antibiotics should not be used when we are dealing with a viral infection, because they will have no effect against the virus, they only work against bacterial infections.
The virus reduces the body’s resistance to bacterial infections, so there exists the possibility of infection combined to appear, a situation that requires the use of antibiotics.
It is important to take antibiotics as the doctor said, it is necessary – usually for ten days, because otherwise, there is the possibility for the remaining bacteria to cause a bad infection and develop a resistance to antibiotic.
To find out if strep is present, the doctor will perform a strep culture test. When the test is negative, the doctor will prescribe treatment based on the severity of your symptoms and the appearance of the throat to the examination.
When the culture test is positive for strep, antibiotic treatment is started, and some doctors may recommend that treatment be followed by members of the patient’s family too, because strep infections are very contagious.
You can not keep a streptococcal infection away, but you can take some precautionary measures. You should avoid close physical contact with infected persons, towels, napkins and sharing eating utensils with them, and another wise thing to do is to wash hands as often as possible. It is known that bacterial infections are very contagious, but good health habits helps us to reduce the risk of infection.