Common causes of sore throat
A sore throat occurs in most persons one or more times per year caused by different mechanisms and germs. The most common cause is viruses leading to great throat pain and fever, these infections can be treated with antibiotics. Colds and coughs can lead to a sore throat by irritation mechanism or by a postnasal drip. Allergens can also lead to throat irritations and the Coxsackie virus provokes fever, sore throat and pain in the cheeks, gums and lips. This is the hand-mouth disease foot.
The other major cause of strep throat is treatable with antibiotics. There are some symptoms some certainty to the diagnosis of bacterial sore throat:
1. High fever that lasts more than 3 days is usually associated with strep.
2. Red throat with white dots and yellow on the tonsils.
3. Prior exposure to a sick person
4. Headaches, stomach upset or vomiting
5. Fine, red-button skin rash caused by a streptococcal toxin.
If your child is younger than 3, has multiple cold symptoms, throat is very red, the overall situation is not so bad and sore throat occur only when coughing, not when swallowing or by pressing the throat from the outside, it is more likely what he does nor suffer from a streptococcal infection.
Throat infections are contagious through saliva, coughing and contact with the hands of a sick or personal items. The incubation period for influenza is usually 3 days to 3 weeks while streptococci need only 2-5 days to multiply inside the body. Patients or caregivers should not contact a doctor immediately after the onset of sore throat, they must wait for any symptoms of strep occur.
If the doctor said the child a home treatment, use of analgesics such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, or both, throat lozenges, gargles with pharmaceutical or warm salt water. Anesthetics such as Chloraseptic might work to relieve pain, but may be used only in children old enough to understand that they should not swallow it. Herbal teas with lemon and honey are also indicated. The citrus juice will provide the body with vitamins, but the result is usually better in the case of viral infections.
The antibiotic most commonly used for strep is penicillin, but other drugs such as amoxicillin have shown beneficial results and better tolerance especially children. Oral antibiotics should not be taken within 10 days to ensure the strep or does not return the body does not develop resistance. If oral medications do not show any real improvements or you can not get to make your children swallow pills two or three times daily penicillin shots are still available and should be administered intramuscularly once a day.