Children are very often confronted with a sore throat. Sore throat is usually accompanied by sneezing, runny nose and cough. Sore throat also has a throat inflammation, swelling, discomfort and pain. The cause of sore throat is an infection by viruses and even without treatment, the disease disappears within a few days. Sore throat usually involves inflammation of the tonsils and throat, and it is also called tonsillo-pharyngitis. Common symptoms of sore throats in children are: pain, throat irritation, inflammation and swelling of the tonsils (sometimes the tonsils may be covered in pus), swelling and tenderness of the lymph glands, of fatigue, headaches, stomach aches, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, fever. In some cases, rashes can occur in certain areas of the body.
The virus responsible for causing sore throat are very contagious. Especially in the flu seasons, it is very difficult to prevent sore throat occurs. Good personal hygiene can reduce the chances of contracting the viruses that cause sore throat, but can not completely prevent the development of infection. The virus responsible for causing a sore throat can be transmitted by air, secretions or direct contact.
It is important to distinguish between sore throat and strep throat. While the sore throat may clear by itself within a few days, strep throat is more persistent and require treatment with antibiotics. Parents often worry when their children get sick. Sore throat is in many cases no cause for panic. No medication is needed to overcome sore throat, symptoms simply disappear after a few days. If you suspect your child may have strep throat, you should check for fever, intense pain and increased sensitivity in the regions around the neck and ears. However, if symptoms are mild and their intensity does not seem to be progressing, there is no reason to worry.
Although sore throat is usually not a serious illness, it is better to pay a visit to a pediatrician anyway. The doctor will perform a simple test to reveal the origin of the infection. If no presence of harmful bacteria is revealed, all the doctor may prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. However, if the sore throat is actually caused by streptococcal bacteria, the doctor will prescribe an appropriate treatment with antibiotics.
A sore throat can be overcome very quickly by the immune system of children. Anything parents can do is make sure they get enough rest and that their fever is under control. You must make sure your child drinks enough fluids and eat enough food. Loss of appetite is a common symptom of throat and it is important to convince the child to eat properly when he is sick. Food must be palatable and non-irritating. Convince your child to eat soup warmer, the potatoes mashed, yogurt and berries. The fever can lead to dehydration and so make sure your child drinks enough fluids. Pay attention to your child’s needs and try to relieve the discomfort of his illness. Like many other ailments, sore throat in children can be easily overcome with the help of good parental care.