Strep throat is a bacterial throat infection caused by a streptococcus bacteria group. This infection may show symptoms of many. It may show a loss of appetite, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, fever, chills, and sometimes stomach distress symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. However, an important sign that might show that there is a strep throat pain and swelling of the extreme back of the throat.
It is good to know that viruses cause most sore throats, and in bacteria involves what, only 10% of sore throats are strep infections.
When a child comes to the doctor, the symptoms are very important clues. But, to be sure is facing a streptococcal infection, the doctor takes a sample of cells from the back using a cotton swab. The result can be given quickly using a rapid test antigens. If the test proves negative, the doctor may want to send to a culture. With a culture, it is necessary 24 hours, time in which bacteria will multiply enough to be seen.
The streptococcal infection may develop in rare cases severe complications if left untreated. It may appear an abscess, a pocket of pus, and usually it requires surgery. It can also occur with rheumatic fever, which affects the heart and joints, causing permanent damage to heart valves. Another complication that can occur is the situation in which the immune system, being sensitized by streptococcal bacteria will begin to attack its own organs.
If it appears that the child has strep, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics. These will help the immune system to get rid of bacteria faster and more efficient, and at the same time, complications will be avoided. Usually, antibiotics must be taken for a period of 10 days. It is very important not to stop treatment because the remaining bacteria can develop resistance and a worse infection can occur.
To relieve symptoms, it can also be taken with vitamin C, throat lozenges, echinacea and acetaminophen.
The first choice for strep is penicillin, which can be taken orally or by injection. It can be taken as a form of penicillin, amoxicillin is called, and notice here is that amoxicillin is also available as chewable, which is an advantage because the children more easily.
Depending on the situation, if necessary, the doctor may prescribe erythromycin or another antibiotic.
It is important to know that strep throat is very contagious, and after initiation of antibiotic treatment, the child must stay home for 24 hours.
Scientists say we should not overuse antibiotics because it seems that the risk that bacteria develop resistance.