Strep throat is an infection with group A streptococcus bacteria that causes inflammation, pain and swelling of the throat and tonsils. Strep throat can be accompanied by fever, fatigue, nausea, abdominal pain and distress. Strep throat can have either moderate or severe symptoms and it needs care and attention to prevent the onset of complications.
The bacteria responsible for strep throat are highly contagious. Streptococcus bacteria can be easily transmitted by sneezing and coughing. The bacteria are suspended and hygiene therefore can not effectively prevent strep throat from occurring. It is possible to get strep throat just by breathing the same air with an infected person. Children and adolescents are often confronted with strep throat, but the disease can occur in adults as well.
It is important to note that all sore throats are strep throat. Sore throats are caused by infection with the virus and they tend to heal very quickly. In most cases, people with sore throats do not need any type of medical treatment at all. Strep throat, however, needs care and attention, as the disease can become serious. Symptoms of strep throat are usually more intense than those of the throat and they can sometimes spread throughout the body (generalized state of fatigue, body weakness and muscle aches). Strep throat is also a specific medical treatment with antibiotics.
Symptoms of strep throat do not occur right after contracting the bacteria. Streptococcus bacteria have an incubation period of about 3-4 days. Only after this time the symptoms of strep throat become noticeable. Symptoms of strep throat are usually painful and irritated throat, difficulty swallowing, inflammation and swelling of the tonsils, tenderness and swelling of lymph nodes (glands on both sides of the neck), fever , headaches, muscle aches, fatigue, stomach pain and distress. People with strep throat have a decreased appetite and they feel very weak.
Severe symptoms that require immediate medical assistance are high fever, rash (a sign of infection by bacteria powerful), difficulty swallowing, difficulty breathing, severe sore throat, throat swelling and bleeding throat. If you detect these symptoms in your child, it is strongly recommended to pay a visit to a doctor.
Strep throat in children requires more parental care. The disease can cause serious complications if it is not discovered in time. In addition, appropriate therapy should be administered until the full remission of the disease. Although symptoms of strep throat may disappear in the first days of treatment, it does not mean that the infection is completely overcome. Follow your doctor’s instructions and to administer the suggested doses of antibiotics your child. Make sure you do not stop treatment prematurely. To fight effectively against bacterial infections, antibiotics should be administered for at least ten days. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions to prevent the recurrence of strep throat just after treatment interruption.